Male and female betta fish


The betta is a popular freshwater tropical aquarium fish due to their variety of sizes, fin patterns and brilliant colors. It is hardy species which requires simple care and it makes them a favorite among hobbyists. It is labyrinth fish that has the unique ability to breathe oxygen directly from the air and also take oxygen from its gills. It can tolerate small spaces and poor water quality with regular water changes.  It prefers water temperature which ranges between 76 and 820 F. The betta is not schooling fish and it fights with each other. It prefers to swim alone and also needs a comfortable place to hide.

Physical description of male and female betta fish:

Body of the male betta is longer, bigger and thinner than the female betta. Body color is generally greenish or reddish brown and white in female while in the male body is often dark blue or red.  The female can grow up to 2¼ inches in length at the adult stage with short and rounded tail  while male betta can grow up to 3 inches in length with much longer fins which are three or four times the length of the female fins.  During mating the female betta displays vertical stripes and the tail or caudal fin of it is about a 1/3rd of length of the body. Egg like rounded spot or ovipositor tube is present in the female which is located between the ventral and anal fins. The egg spot looks like a small white speck or large grain of salt through which the female drops her eggs from this tube. The male bears a much larger beard or the membrane underneath the gill covers but a much smaller and non visible beard is seen in female. Generally only the male Betta creates a bubblenest to protect the egg.


Behavior of male and female betta fish:

A well-known behavioral characteristic of the betta is fighting. The male betta is very aggressive towards each other and many other fish. The male betta fish flares their fins when other male betta fish swims into their territory which is very important violent behavior of male betta. The female betta fish does not exhibit this type of behavior but it may pinch to other female bettas. The male betta is usually kept individually in smaller containers or aquariums but do best in containers of one liter or larger while one or more female bettas can be kept in the same tank. Female Bettas may be housed with other community fish. Good tank mates for female betta include platies, swordtails, mollies, angelfish, danios, gouramis, bala sharks, plecostomus and clown loaches. Male and female Bettas do not keep together but they may be kept together only during mating.

Both male and female bettas get along very well with other non-betta fish. They can live successfully in a community tank that does not have any aggressive fish like tiger barbs. Although male mainly hates other male, a male occasionally attacks a female. Male betta fish builds bubble nests to protect the eggs of female betta by gulping air from the surface of the water during the mating period. Female betta must be kept in groups of four or more in an appropriately sized tank with lot of plants and hiding places which helps to spread the aggression. Bettas can also jump out from the aquarioum or tank. To protect the fish during jumping use some plastic or a sheet of transparency paper.

The betta fish is one of the most popular aquarium fish in the world. Both male and female bettas are known as fighting fish due to their naturally aggressive behavior. Bettas are wonderful fish with a lot of personality, of which, some bettas are shy and easily stressed while others are aggressive and outgoing.

Breeding Betta Fish: The Ultimate Guide


Betta fish are colorful, they are aggressive

Betta fish are small fish belonging to the gourami family (Osphronemidae), abundant in the slow moving, stagnant waters and paddy fields of Southeast Asian countries, and became very popular as aquarium fish because of their fabulously rich body coloration and long flowing fins. There are many types of Betta fish that can adorn an aquarium or add life to your fish tank. They have a strong territorial instinct which makes them intensely aggressive, giving them the honorific – Siamese fighting fish.

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Betta Fish Food: What you should be Feeding them


Feeding Betta fish is often very confusing to most people. These fish are a rare kind which consumes less than mainstreat types of food; however, their least favorite is traditional “flakes” which are commonly used to feed other species.

How much to feed them

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Betta fish tank: How to set it up properly


If you have or thinking of getting a Betta fish, you will definitely need a tank and below, you will learn what you have to look after before getting one. Before we move on, I have to let you know that this kind of fish is NOT suited for small bowls, although some people treat it that way. They need plenty of space and sufficient decoration to live up to their maximum lifetime and prosper. Their aquarium needs to have several components in order to be complete and provide an environment close to their natural habitat. It doesn’t matter if someone likes or prefers a tank over another, because it might fit their home decoration better. You must always have in mind the requirements of your fish. Thus, your Betta will be able to live a healthy life, free of diseases!

Ready? Let’s go!

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Types of Betta fish: The most popular, plus photos!


Are you thinking of pet fish? Having a full-fledged aquarium in home with colorful fish moving around is one of the pleasant things that you might get to see amidst your busy schedule and other responsibilities. People like you who are fond of keeping fishes at home, might want to consider having Betta fish in different hues and textures.

There are over 30,000 different kinds of Bettas, but only a few of them are suitable to keep in aquariums at home. These different varieties are classified on the basis of color, texture, tails and natural behaviors. Here we’ll discuss some of the most commonly preferred types of these fish based on their tail types, which you may consider for your home or office. The following types are only the most popular, there are many more. These are variations of Betta splendens.

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Betta Fish Diseases: Quickly spot and cure them

red betta fish

Betta is a small colorful perch-like, freshwater fish which is also known as Siamese fighting fish. It is native to Thailand and Cambodia. It is found in small ponds, rivers and other small water places. It grows up to 7 cm in length and can live about 2-4 years in captive condition. They have upturned mouths and they are primarily carnivorous surface feeders.

In the wild condition, their diet consists of zooplankton, crustaceans and the larvae of mosquitoes and other water-bound insects.  It prefers warmer water climate (25-30°C) and it can survive in a low-oxygen level of water. Poor water quality makes this fish more susceptible to diseases. Beta fish health is closely related with habitat environment. In order to keep these fish healthy, habitat water should be checked routinely and cleaned. Intensive care must be provided.

They are attacked by different types of diseases due to less than ideal environmental conditions. The causes of these diseases are fungus, bacteria, Protozoa, Helminthes, Crustaceans, Virus and many environmental factors. Physical symptoms and abnormal behavior indicate that the fish is infected with one or more diseases. (Please note that some of the products offered below, work great and are affiliate links that help sustain this website)

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